Laeveld
Agrochem

Crop carbohydrate status and TRY ME™ (Agri Technovation)

A part of: , , ,
By Rochelle Thuynsma (Head of Products: Technical, Agri Technovation) and Dr. Elmi Lötze (Head: ITEST™ CARBOHYDRATES and ITEST™ LEAF, Agri Technovation)

Introduction

The carbohydrate status of a tree/organ is dependent on factors influencing photosyn- thesis in the leaves, the accumulation of sugars and starch in the leaves and the trans- location of sugars towards the other sinks(1).

The majority of management practices on a farm are geared towards optimising light interception and distribution to optimise photosynthesis(2). Although all mineral elements play a role in photosynthesis, some elements (potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, nitrogen, zinc) play an even more crucial role in enzyme activities associated with photosynthetic biochemical functions(3).

Favourable carbohydrate status is essential for crop growth and development, as well as determining the suitability of the crop to
produce adequate yield(3,4). Leaf carbohydrate status is important during demanding repro- ductive phenological stages where carbohydrates are translocated from the leaf to the developing flower and fruitlets(4).

Leaf carbohydrate status is also crucial for the partitioning of carbohydrates to the roots for growth and storage, ensuring a favourable energy status for the following year’s crop(3,4). In citrus, alternate bearing is partly due to a lack of available carbohydrate build-up during the previous production season
and can lead to a reduction in crop yield(5).

Environmental and physiological stress conditions are the largest factors affecting photosynthetic rates under field conditions(6,7).

Prolonged environmental stress or high demand for mineral nutrients during reproductive and vegetative growth phases, leads to increased production of abscisic acid, which in turn signals stomatal closure(6). Stomatal closure limits the amount of CO2 available for photosynthesis, thus reducing the amount of carbohydrates produced and ATP (adenosine triphosphate) generated during non-cyclic C3 photosynthesis(7).

Prolonged stomatal closure also leads to the build-up of toxic reactive oxygen species in leaf tissue. ROS (reactive oxygen species) damages chlorophyll and other cellular com- ponents and needs immediate detoxification through the upregulation of various detoxification enzymes, as well as the production of compatible solutes(8).

The effect of TRY ME™ on foliar carbohydrate status

TRY ME™ is a multi-elemental foliar product that supports plant metabolic function to naturally stimulate plant processes to alleviate the effects of stress and aid in returning favourable carbohydrate status within the plant.

TRY ME™ supports the production of various stress-alleviating compounds including path- ways involved in amino acid, polyamine and stress-alleviating phytohormone production.

The organic base formulation of TRY ME™ also aids in supplying crucial carbon skeletons for metabolic intermediates as well as supplying a source of plant-available carbohydrates. Application of TRY ME™ (Figure 1) to field-grown macadamia trees resulted in a 100% increase in total carbohydrate content, 4 weeks after the first application.

Conclusion

Various environmental and physiological conditions affect photosynthetic rates and thus available carbohydrates. Unfavourable carbohydrate status can negatively influence crop growth, development and final production. The application of TRY ME™ can favourably influence the foliar carbohydrate status of crops, ensuring sufficient carbohydrate supply to support growth and development.

The TRY ME™ formulation contains various minerals and organic components that contribute to stimulating the crop’s natural metabolic pathways to alleviate the effects of environmental and physiological stress conditions, resulting in an upregulation of photosynthesis and overall increase of the carbohydrate status of the tree after application. A timely application of TRY ME™ can mitigate stress conditions and support yield.

References:

1. Zhu, J., Gou, F., Rossouw, G., Begum, F., Henke, M., Johnson, E., Holzapfel, B., Field, S., Seleznyova, A. 2021. Simulating organ biomass variability and carbohydrate distribution in perennial fruit crops: a comparison between the common assimilate pool and phloem carbohydrate transport models, in silico. Plants 3(2).
2. Pellegrino, A., Clingeleffer, P., Cooley, N., Walker, R. 2014. Management practices impact vine carbohydrate status to a greater extent than vine productivity. Frontiers in Plant Science 5.
3. Glanz-Idan, N., Wolf, S. 2020. Upregulation of photosynthesis in mineral nutrition-deficient tomato plants by
reduced source-to-sink ratio. Plant Signal Behaviour 15(2):1712543.
4. Aluko, OO., Li, C., Wang, Q., Liu, H. 2021. Sucrose utilization for improved crop yields: A review article. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22(9):4704.
5. Shalom, L., Samuels, S., Zur, N., Shlizerman, L., Zemach, H., Weissberg, M., Ophir, R., Blumwald, E., Sadka, A. 2012. Alternate bearing in citrus: changes in the expression of flowering control genes and in global gene expression in ON- versus OFF-crop trees. PLoS One 7(10): 46930.
6. Jeandet, P., Formela-Luboińska, M., Labudda, M., Morkunas, I. 2022. The role of sugars in plant responses to stress and their regulatory function during development. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23(9):5161.
7. Yamada, K., Osakabe, Y. 2018. Sugar compartmentation as an environmental stress adaptation strategy in plants. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 83: 106-114.
8. Schieber, M., Chandel, NS. 2014. ROS function in redox signalling and oxidative stress. Current Biology 24(10):R453-62.

Northern Cape
Western Cape
Eastern Cape
Free State
Gauteng
North-West
Mpumalanga
Limpopo

More than 100 agents
across South Africa

Laeveld Agrochem’s agents (franchisees) are qualified agronomists accredited by CropLife South Africa (formerly AVCASA).

In each region, agents receive support from experienced Business Managers, enabling detailed recommendations for both corrective and proactive measures on the farm.

Operating as a franchise business model, our dedicated team can assist growers with detailed recommendations to optimise yield per hectare.

Through strategic collaboration with our technology partner, Agri Technovation, we offer innovative solutions such as MyFarmWeb™ and Picklogger™, tailored to meet the evolving needs of modern agriculture.

GROEI tydskrif

Seisoen 8

[language-switcher]
We use cookies to improve your experience. By continuing to visit this website you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more.